"...the main purpose of criticism...is not to make its readers agree, nice as that is, but to make them, by whatever orthodox or unorthodox method, think." - John Simon

"The great enemy of clear language is insincerity." - George Orwell

Monday, May 17, 2010

Star Wars Blogathon: Episode IV: A New Hope

BLOGGER'S NOTE: This post is part of the Star Wars Blogathon over at the SciFIDrive blog.

For many of my generation, the first Star Wars film (1977) was a defining moment of our childhood and so I always look back at it in a nostalgic way. I had the action figures, the coloring book, the calendar, the t-shirt, and so on – all part of the vast merchandising that helped build the George Lucas empire. But as a kid I wasn’t thinking about that – I loved the film and wanted to have everything associated with it, including the comic books and the novelization. The Star Wars I love is the original incarnation unmolested by Lucas’ awkward revisionist CGI makeover. The Star Wars I know and love has Han Solo (Harrison Ford) firing first. The film has been analyzed and written about extensively so I can only look at it from my perspective and offer various observations that always stick out in my mind whenever I watch it.

One of the reasons Star Wars works so well is because of a solid combination of engaging storytelling and groundbreaking (for its time) special effects. The coming-of-age story is as old as the hills and I’m sure that is part of the film’s appeal – its comforting familiarity. Young Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) leaves behind his life on a small, insignificant planet and becomes involved in an intergalactic civil war that involves rescuing a princess from the clutches of an evil empire. In the process, he grows up and becomes a man.

I still get goosebumps when I see that opening text, “A long time ago. In a galaxy far, far away...” And then, John Williams’ rousing score kicks in with a sudden blast from the horn section and we’re on our way. We get that iconic shot of the small Rebel Alliance spacecraft being pursued by an Empire Star Destroyer so massive it takes up at least three-quarters of the screen as it rumbles into view. We soon meet two of the film’s most endearing characters – C-3PO (Anthony Daniels) and R2-D2 (Kenny Baker), droids that have a sometimes slapstick-y love/hate relationship a la Laurel and Hardy. 3PO is the eternal pessimist as evident from his declaration early on, “We’re doomed.” Of course, this is as the Empire prepares to board the Rebel spacecraft. 3PO and R2 play well off each other – the former whines about danger and complains about the conditions of Tatooine (the planet they escape to), while the latter clearly has a purpose, a mission that he must complete with or without his long-time companion. They bicker like an old married couple and even on his own, 3PO still bitches about R2.

Has there ever been a cooler introduction for a villain than the one for Darth Vader (David Prowse)? Having boarded the Rebel ship by force, he emerges from the smoke to survey the damage done. We immediately hear his ominous breathing, that unsettling raspy respirator sound – awesome! We soon hear James Earl Jones’ booming, authoritative voice (later on the voice of CNN no less!) which, coupled with David Prowse’s intimidating physical presence and the brilliantly black armor, creates an instantly memorable bad guy, a real force of evil. Lucas constantly reminds us what a badass Vader is in scenes like the one where he deals with one of his officers who dares to scoff at the power of the Force compared to the power of Empire’s new battle station, The Death Star. Vader warns him, “Don’t be too proud of this technological terror you’ve constructed. The ability to destroy a planet is insignificant next to the power of the Force.”

Unconvinced, the guy foolishly insults Vader’s “sad devotion to that ancient religion” and, in response, the Dark Lord merely raises a hand and chokes the man from afar. Vader coolly and ominously replies, “I find your lack of faith disturbing.” Now, how badass is that? It takes Peter Cushing’s bureaucrat Grand Moff Tarkin to step in and call Vader off. As evil as Vader is, Tarkin is on a whole other level. He destroys a planet populated by millions of innocent people just to make a point and teach Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher) a lesson. How nasty is that? Vader just chokes a few guys which pales in comparison to what Tarkin does.

I always found it fascinating how the Jawas are basically the used car salesmen of the galaxy and they even try to pawn off a faulty droid to Luke and his Uncle Owen (Phil Brown). Mark Hamill’s take on Luke is right on the money, playing the character as a teenager on the verge of becoming a young man – someone who would rather pick up power converters over at Toschi Station than haggle over the price of droids with Jawas. His uncle sees right through Luke and chastises him, “You can waste time with your friends when your chores are done.” This little moment is one of the reasons why Star Wars appealed to a younger generation – they could relate to Luke’s disinterest in chores and his frustration of being stuck on his uncle’s farm. Who would rather hang out with their friends than get stuck doing boring chores? This is further reinforced in the scene where Luke talks to Aunt Beru (Shelagh Fraser) and Uncle Owen about transmitting his application to the Academy sooner rather than later but his uncle wants him to stick around for the harvest and another year. After Luke goes off in defeat, his aunt says, “Luke’s just not a farmer, Owen. He has too much of his father in him,” to which Owen replies, “That’s what I’m afraid of.” This conversation cleverly hints at earth-shattering revelations that come in the next film in the series, The Empire Strikes Back (1980). I just want to say how much I love the little moments of domesticity that Lucas shows here with Luke having a meal with his aunt and uncle or another scene where we see Aunt Beru (who I always struck by what a kind face she has and what a gentle person she appears to be) preparing some sort of meal. It humanizes these people in a short amount of time so that we care about what happens to them later on.

What I also like about the story is that Lucas makes it personal for Luke. His only reason for staying was to help out his aunt and uncle but when they are killed by Imperial Stormtroopers, his life as a farmboy dies that day. He’s got nothing left to lose and his innocence has been taken away from him forever. Lucas makes sure that we understand just how horrible the Empire is with a lingering shot of the aunt and uncle’s still smoking, charred skeletons, which was pretty shocking to me when I first saw the film at a very young, impressionable age. This scene ups the stakes and reinforces just how ruthless the Empire is and how personal it has gotten for Luke.

The casting of Alec Guinness as Jedi master Obi-Wan Kenobi was genius on Lucas’ part. With his classic British accent, he gives his dialogue a classy spin, perfect for the expositional dialogue his character imparts throughout the film. For example, early on he explains the nature of the Force to Luke: “The Force is what gives a Jedi his powers. It’s an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us, it penetrates us, it binds the galaxy together.” What a great way to describe the Force – it’s succinct and doesn’t give too much away, just enough to let our imagination fill in the rest.

One of the most memorable scenes in Star Wars takes place in the Cantina at Mos Eisley (a place that Obi-Wan warns Luke is a “wretched hive of scum and villainy.”), a bar where all sorts of strange and unusual creatures hang out. Of course, the purpose of this sequence is for Luke and Ben to meet and hire Han Solo and Chewbacca (Peter Mayhew) to rescue Leia, but it is also a fantastic showcase for a memorable collection of exotic-looking alien creatures. There’s one that looks a little like Cousin It from The Addams Family, one that looks like the Wolfman, one that kinda looks like a devil with two horns sprouting out of the top of his head, and so on. The diversity of these creatures is so fascinating that I just like rewatching this sequence to check out all of the various creatures. This sequence has gone on to inspire several other films, including Nightbreed (1990), Serenity (2005), and Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2008). The aliens in Star Wars don’t look cute and cuddly but strange and dangerous. Lucas reinforces this by having Luke bullied by two lowlifes until Obi-Wan steps in with his mad lightsaber skills.

How cool is Han Solo? We meet him haggling with Obi-Wan over the price of taking them to Alderaan and Han tries to impress his prospective clients with the speed and reputation of his spacecraft the Millennium Falcon. However, after their meeting, Han runs into Greedo, a bounty hunter collecting a sizable debt that the smuggler owes notorious gangster Jabba the Hutt. Han acts cool and casual, keeping Greedo talking while he quietly unholsters his gun and blasts the bounty hunter before he can shoot him. How badass is Han? Harrison Ford plays it so well – all cool and accommodating to Greedo so that he has time to get the drop on him. It’s this scene that establishes Ford’s character – is he a bad guy or a good guy? You’re never really sure until the end of the film and this is due in large part to Ford’s performance as a cocky smuggler who only looks out for himself.

I also like Han’s simple philosophy, like when he scoffs at the notion of the Force: “Hokey religions and ancient weapons are no match for a good blaster at your side ... I’ve flown from one side of the galaxy to the other. I’ve seen a lot of strange stuff but never seen anything to make me believe there’s one all powerful force controlling everything. There’s no mystical energy field controls my destiny. It’s all a lot of simple tricks and nonsense.” He provides a lot of the film’s moments of humor, like when Luke tries to convince him to rescue Leia by appealing to his greed, or his constant bickering with her. As he tells Luke at one point, “Wonderful girl. Either I’m gonna kill her or I’m beginning to like her.” Han and Leia end up bantering like a couple in a vintage screwball comedy and this is carried over to an even more memorable degree in The Empire Strikes Back.

Another exciting scene is the one where our heroes escape the Death Star while Han and Luke man the Falcon’s laser cannons. Lucas uses editing and Williams’ stirring score to make this scene even more dynamic. It’s a nice warm-up for the climactic sequence where a squadron of Rebel Alliance X-Wing fighters launch an attack on the Death Star. Not only do the Rebels have to worry about the Imperial TIE Fighters, but also the battle station’s laser cannons. Also adding urgency to the assault is the ever-looming threat of the Death Star on the verge of eradicating the Rebel base located on the moon of Yavin. Luke finally gets to show off his piloting skills while many of his comrades are blown up. It doesn’t hurt that he’s aided by Obi-Wan’s disembodied voice and the Force. The use of models in this sequence gives it a more tangible quality, a realness that is missing from most CGI-heavy science fiction films nowadays. This sequence gets even more exciting when Luke and the surviving Rebel X-Wings descend into the trenches of the Death Star to bomb its weak spot. Lucas is able to convey a real sense of speed and urgency that is thrilling, especially when the Millennium Falcon comes from out of nowhere to give Luke the opportunity to destroy the Death Star.

Some feel that Star Wars looks dated and I would agree but for me that is a large part of its appeal, sideburns and all. Watching it instantly takes me back to when I first saw it and the rush of excitement and wonder that I felt as it unspooled before my eyes. It is one of those pivotal moviegoing experiences that I have never forgotten. While I think that The Empire Strikes Back is the better film in terms of story, pacing, characterization, action, etc., Star Wars is the film I enjoy watching the most for all of the reasons stated above. I think that a review in the now-defunct Sci-Universe magazine sums it up best: “even today, would-be sci-fi franchise-builders haven’t learned the lessons about what made Star Wars a cinematic landmark; compelling, but flawed, characters and attention to the smallest pieces of minutiae.”

Feel free to share your memories and thoughts about Star Wars.


  1. Oh... agree, agree, agree! Wonderful write up, J.D. I may be older than you (I didn't buy much at all of the merchandise), but saw this numerous of times. I even attended the 5 AM showing of EMPIRE when it first came out (before heading off to work)! I've been hooked ever since. Thanks very much for this.

  2. Terrific summation in your final paragraph and a great read.

    I concur wholeheartedly, while I love Empire Strikes Back, Star Wars may have the edge for many of the reasons you state. They are close. Neck and neck and the two together really hold a special spot in my filmgoing experinces.

    Star Wars is pure and will always remain redemption for George Lucas despite his three later prequels. Since this is Episode IV, I'll forgive him for the others. : )

  3. By the way, your point about George Lucas' eloquence in describing the force in this original Star Wars is a great one.

    It's interesting how Lucas' muddled the concept by taking it further and hitting us with exposition that felt like a thud in The Phantom Menace. In that film, when Liam Neeson's character describes it to Anakin, it is wooden, lifeless, lacking in imagination and omits the poetry and grace found here. Good of you to mention it. It's the kind of stuff that filled this original film with magic.

    Your point about the creatures is another one that speaks to the magic of make-up and prosthetics [and models] over the lifeless calculation of CGI. The CGI creations from the prequels simply cannot match up to the creations in the Cantina and the imaginations of their creators.

    My son loves the original too, but he killed me once when he referred to the Obi Wan / Darth Vader lightsaber duel as "old man fighting." Ah, it's lost on them after all of the quick cuts and edits of the prequels. Like I said, he still loves it.

  4. le0pard13:

    Thank you so much for the kind words, my friend. I have fond memories of lining up for JEDI opening day and the feeling of community among all the fans as the anticipation level was through the roof! I even remember seeing a double bill of STAR WARS and EMPIRE before JEDI came out and in-between films they had a trailer for JEDI when it was still known as REVENGE and not RETURN.

    The Sci-Fi Fanatic:

    Thanks for stopping by and for the compliments. It means a lot to me.

    I agree with you about STAR WARS and EMPIRE being so close in terms of appreciation. It's kinda like with THE GODFATHER and PART II. It's almost impossible to separate the two.

    Hah, I also agree with your sentiments about Lucas. The brilliance of the original trilogy (even JEDI which certainly has its flaws) makes me tend to forgive him for the other films but I can't forgive all the changes he made to the original films. Talk about blasphemy. I know, he claims that the new versions are closer to what he originally intended but he's messing with history. I would love that the Blu-Ray version of the original trilogy where done like BLADE RUNNER box set and include the various versions.

    As for the Force... ahhhh, don't even get me started how Lucas messes it all up in the prequel trilogy by explaining WAY too much of it. That was the beauty of how it was described in STAR WARS... there was enough ambiguity for your imagination to do some of the work. We didn't need it spelled out and unfortunately Lucas felt the need to explain it in even greater detail. Awful!

    And yeah, I love the prosthetics and make-up used on the creatures in the Catina. It is just so magical and feels so real with all those textures and what not -- something that CGI hasn't quite mastered yet.

    You said:

    "The CGI creations from the prequels simply cannot match up to the creations in the Cantina and the imaginations of their creators."

    This is so well-said and quite true.

  5. Great analogy to the Godfather I & II. Exactly right my friend!

  6. Great write up JD. You really captured that feeling of wonder and innocence that makes the first Star Wars so great.

    PS. Shoot me an email when you get a chance (bryced021@hotmail.com) there's something I want to ask you and I couldn't find yours.

  7. Hey there. Thanks for visiting and commenting on my blog. I really appreciate it. I'm very excited to be back blogging. It's also great to be able to check out blogs like yours that I like a lot. I love this Star Wars post. Been a fan of it since I was a kid. Take care. I hope the rest of your week is wonderful.

  8. Bryce Wilson:

    Thank you for the kind words and thanks also for stopping by.


    You are more than welcome, my friend. I'm glad you enjoyed this SW post and good to hear that your also a fan!

  9. I agree, Empire Strikes is the better film but this laid out the universe. Shame Lucas didn't learn his lesson when it came to the prequels...

  10. Mark Salisbury:

    Don't get me started on the prequels! I think that the biggest mistake Lucas made with them is doing all the heavy lifting himself. After STAR WARS, he let others write the scripts and direct while he obviously provided overall guidance, etc. And look how they turned out?

    I had such high expectations for THE PHANTOM MENACE and was bitterly disappointed when I finally saw it.

  11. My impression about the prequels-George Lucas had creative fatigue they were formulaic except for parts of ROTS but essentially clone films.

    Its hard to beat ANH's intro scene and the Death Star trench- amazing!

    GL ought to franchise out and watch from a distance. still hoping for ep 6,7,8,etc...

  12. SciFiDrive:

    "My impression about the prequels-George Lucas had creative fatigue they were formulaic except for parts of ROTS but essentially clone films."

    Yeah, I suppose so. Or, maybe Lucas just took on too much - writng and directing and it was just overwhelming. As someone pointed out, the films started to decline after producer Gary Kurtz left. Perhaps, he kept Lucas in check and with his absence it allowed Lucas to go wild and become way too indulgent.